South Hwanghae

황해남도

Geography

South Hwanghae Province is located in the south-west of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. The province is bordered to the north by the mouth of the Taedong river which forms the divide between South Hwanghae Province and South Pyongan Province. To the east, the province is bordered by North Hwanghae Province. The province's southern and western borders are marked by the West Sea.

 

The Northern Limit Line, the disputed maritime extension of the Korean Demilitarised Zone, sits south of the province a few miles off the coast. The capital, Haeju, sits on the southern coast near the Ongjin peninsula.

Economy

Known as the bread basket of Korea, South Hwanghae is one of the few primarily flat regions in the country and is therefore devoted almost entirely to agriculture. The region produces rice, grain, vegetables and much more. A county in the north of the province, Kwail county, is famous for fruit production; 'Kwail' in fact translates to fruit in Korean.

The city of Haeju was formalised as a Special Economic Zone during the Sunshine Policy of the early 2000s. An agreement between Pyongyang and Seoul meant that trading between the ports at Haeju in the north and Incheon in the south. Military action in the area since suggests the agreement is unlikely to be revived.

Haeju also serves as a port and forms part of North Korea's network of international shipping, especially across the Korea Bay between the DPRK and China.

Haeju

Notable Sites

One of the major sights in the province, attracting foreign and local tourists, is Mt. Kuwol (Kuwolsan). The mountain is one of the celebrated mountains of Korea and is named after September, the ninth month; (Ku-wol meaning September in Korean). The region is also the site of a Buddhist temple at Woljong as well as a series of tombs dedicated to Koguryo kings which became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2004.

Revolutionary History

Sinchon county is the home of the Museum of American War Atrocities which documents the reported war crimes committed by US forces over the course of a few months in 1950. Around 35,000 North Koreans were murdered in the area by the UN command forces as they began their push north into the DPRK. The museum was rebuilt in 2015.

Portraits of the President and General in Haeju
A village in South Hwanghae
The Jiwon Falls forms part of the Kuwolsan region

Kuwolsan

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